[91] Papal correspondence mentions the activities of Orthodox prelates among the Romanians in Muntenia in the 1230s. [150] The country remained neutral when World War I broke out in 1914, but Prime Minister Ion I. C. Brătianu started negotiations with the Entente Powers. Bucharest (bo͞o`kərĕst, byo͞o`–), Rom. [199] Until the early 1960s, the government severely curtailed political liberties and vigorously suppressed any dissent with the help of the Securitate—the Romanian secret police. [421][422] The traditional Romanian dress that otherwise has largely fallen out of use during the 20th century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn on these festivities, especially in rural areas. [143] The Congress also granted the Danube Delta and Dobruja to Romania. [107] Reformation spread and four denominations—Calvinism, Lutheranism, Unitarianism, and Roman Catholicism—were officially acknowledged in 1568. The elevation of the city varies from 183.1 feet to 300.2 feet. [41][44], The Romans reached Dacia during Burebista's reign and conquered Dobruja in 46 AD. [146][147], Fearing Russian expansionism, Romania secretly joined the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in 1883, but public opinion remained hostile to Austria-Hungary. [395] In 2010, Romania had 428 state and 25 private hospitals,[396] with 6.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people,[397] and over 200,000 medical staff, including over 52,000 doctors. The largest ethnic minorities are the Hungarians, 6.1% of the population, and the Roma, 3.0% of the population. [194][195] Romania remained under the direct military occupation and economic control of the USSR until the late 1950s. Other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați. Approximately 25.8% of the Romanian workforce is employed in agriculture, one of the highest rates in Europe. [159] A new electoral system granted voting rights to all adult male citizens, and a series of radical agrarian reforms transformed the country into a "nation of small landowners" between 1918 and 1921. [156][157] Peace treaties with Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary delineated the new borders in 1919 and 1920, but the Soviet Union did not acknowledge the loss of Bessarabia. Interesting facts about Bucharest History Its name is attributed to a shepherd named Bucur (Bucur), which means in Romanian “cheerful”, hence the name Bucharest understood as “glædesby”. [277] Romanian troops participated in the occupation of Iraq, reaching a peak of 730 soldiers before being slowly drawn down to 350 soldiers. In February 1947, he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [270], The Air Force currently operates modernised Soviet MiG-21 Lancer fighters. [51][56], The Goths were expanding towards the Lower Danube from the 230s, forcing the native peoples to flee to the Roman Empire or to accept their suzerainty. [57][61] The Gepids took possession of the former Dacia province. [255][258] Romania's 2007 entry into the EU has been a significant influence on its domestic policy, and including judicial reforms, increased judicial cooperation with other member states, and measures to combat corruption. "[265], Relations with Moldova are a special case given that the two countries share the same language and a common history. [180][183], After the Soviet victory in the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943, Iuliu Maniu, a leader of the opposition to Antonescu, entered into secret negotiations with British diplomats who made it clear that Romania had to seek reconciliation with the Soviet Union. [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. 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