People have been aware of its properties as an irritant since at least the first century A.D. Later, Jamaican slave traders — sadistically — rubbed the juice of these plants on the tongues of slaves, causing their mouths to become painfully swollen, as a form of punishment, making one of its common names “dumb cane“. The plant is toxic in nature; particularly, its leaves and roots; Dieffenbachia Poisoning is the accidental or intentional intake of the plant or plant product containing the compound Basically, just to take the irritation away,” he explained) and by offering assurances to the parents that there would be no long term problems once the pain subsided. As long as the plant’s contact with the mouth or eyes is not severe, the symptoms will usually resolve in a few days. Dieffenbachia sequine "Tropic Makianne". The plant it harmful when eaten , so one should be careful with children and pets. According to a number of Facebook posts, exposure to the dieffenbachia plant, also known as dumb cane or mother-in-law’s tongue, can kill.. One post claims the plant is “dangerous to the point of killing a child in one minute and an adult in 15 minutes” and can cause blindness, too. I dint like medication but only haemiooathic medicine. Carol Hi. 5 From investigations in … TikTok Video ‘Exposes’ How Taco Bell Makes Its Refried Beans? Drach and Maloney 1 and Dore 2 implied that toxicity was due to insoluble and/or soluble oxalates or glycosidal principles. When any part of these plants is chewed and swallowed, the crystals stab the sensitive tissues of the tongue, gums and throat, creating the sensation of biting into ground glass. If you have children or pets, it should be kept out of reach. Unlike philodendron, dieffenbachia ingestion usually produces only mild to moderate symptoms in both humans and pets. Dieffenbachia is also known as “Dumb Cane” because of the toxic effect it can have on the mouth and tongue if chewed. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Poisoning from swallowing an oxalate-containing plant is rare because the intense mouth pain usually prevents children from eating a significant quantity of the plant. Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia) An ornamental to 2.5m, commonly grown for its decorative mottled foliage as a shade house or indoor plant. The risk of irritation from Dieffenbachia is not news. Many spring bulbs, including hyacinths and daffodils … Is dumbcane toxic to cats? Whilst cutting the plants core I sliced my thumb too. It is native to the New World Tropics from Mexico and the West Indies south to Argentina.Some species are widely cultivated as ornamental plants, especially as houseplants, and have become naturalized on a … I was removing dead leaves and just breaking them off when suddenly My hand started to burn and itch. Toxic Principle and Mechanism of Action. Generally the condition is mild and temporary. I got a skin irritation after watering this plant. John Wiley & Sons, 2012   1118382765, Francheschi, V.R., and Nakata, P.A. I am not familiar with a dieffenbachia with pink coloring. “Plants That Irritate.” Dumbcane (dieffenbachia) is toxic to cats. I believe we know some things and/or symptoms of this type of plant, but it may have other known properties or symptoms steaming from it, that no one knows anything about, other than what some have reported. Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) Dieffenbachia, or dumb cane, is a tropical plant that is native to Central …     Accessed 14 June 2017. dieffenbachia’s toxicity. Contrary to TikTok shenanigans, the boat is neither the RMS Titanic nor the Ottoman frigate... No, mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines Do Not ‘Alter Your DNA’.     Annu Rev Plant Biol..   2005. Most of the symptoms of dieffenbachia poisoning are mouth related. Warn your friends and family. Thank you. Should I go see the doctor or call poison control?     1 February 2017. My son died because he put a piece of leaf in his mouth and tongue and these swelled to suffocate. The leaves, stalk and root of the dieffenbachia are highly toxic to humans of all ages as well as pets. It is native to the tropics. However the plant can be poisonous so there are some situations where it might not be a good fit. The Gardening Cook is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.  As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. For children and pets, the problems are more severe than for adults. after 5 to 10 mins So, make sure to handle Dieffenbachia with care when repotting or propagating. Dieffenbachia, more commonly called the ‘dumb cane,’is known and revered for its large, bright leaves. The cause of this irritation comes from a chemical called calcium oxalate, which exists in varying concentrations across the entire plant kingdom, including a variety of food crops. For eye symptoms, rinse them well with cool water. Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) We're sorry to break it to you, but one of the internet's most infamous … Did Pelosi Stage Photo of Herself Getting COVID-19 Vaccine? This plant has an exotic appeal and has wonderfully shaped leaves with brush strokes of cream, yellow and white which enhance the shape of … Some of the juice (or sap) came in contact with her skin on her wrist and it grew to the size of a quarter or just a little bigger than a quarter, and she had to have it surgically removed. So keep it far from your area. No, you’ll be fine. Dieffenbachia is sometimes fatal to pets and livestock. About five minutes later I felt a very strong burning and numbness pain between flesh and fingernail. The effects are rarely life threatening. August 1997. I’ve taken an antihistamine and applied calamine lotion on the area. “Plant Exposures … A National Profile of the Most Common Plant Genera.” Read about brugmansia here. The doctor that saw my mother knew exactly what this was from, but HIGHLY STRESSED FOR HER TO DISPOSE OF THIS PLANT OR PLANTS RELATED TO THIS ONE, because of the toxicity & poisioness compound of this plant!! Snopes and the Snopes.com logo are registered service marks of Snopes.com. “My Son Died for This Damn Plant it Is Urgent That Everyone Knows, Kills a Child in 1 Minute and an Adult in 15! there are many plants to keep in home.     Veterinary and Human Toxicology. The plant sap also contains raphides and could cause contact dermatitis and could irritate the eyes. Hi Mia, Generally speaking, ingesting is the problem, but the plant has sap which could be harmful to skin. One article (titled, colorfully, “My Son Died for This Damn Plant it Is Urgent That Everyone Knows, Kills a Child in 1 Minute and an Adult in 15! It can cause difficulty speaking and swallowing (hence the "dumb cane" common name), and nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you're just here to find out how to grow them, and you don't care about any of the history and shame and torture and stuff, click over to part II. Dumb Cane | Dieffenbachia Plants have an attractive foliage and leave to clean the harmful toxins in the atmosphere. Dieffenbachia is indeed poisonous to humans and animals if parts of the plant are ingested. The poisonous effect of the dieffenbachia plant happens because the plant contains needle-shaped oxalate crystals, (oxalic acid) as well as asparagines, a protein found in the plant. with the juice. Another very toxic plant often grown in gardens, is brugmansia – also known as Angel’s trumpets. Do you have any suggestions? Last Updated on December 9, 2020 by Julia Wilson. I’ve kept one of these plant just in front of me on the study table so is it harmful to me? According to Medline all parts of the plant – the leaves, stems, roots, and flower. Hello , I was just cutting some dead leaves of this plant ( 8 feet tall). Dieffenbachia sequine. Also a red spot started to cover the tip of my finger. It is suggested to wear gloves when handling the plant, particularly if it is oozing at all. Despite its advantages, dieffenbachia belongs to dangerous plants and in some cases can cause serious harm to the human or pet body. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. I have decided to always use gloves from now when when dealing with plantes!! Ingesting the leaf poison can result in any of these symptoms: If the poison is transferred to the eyes from the hands, these symptoms could occur: If the juice of the plant has been swallowed, one can expect. I can’t really give medical advice, since I am not a doctor. The ball drop on New Year's Eve is going to look a little different in... About That Khalilah Mitchell COVID-19 Vaccine Video. Lily is a beautiful plant. However, since this plant is also common in many homes, some care should be exercised. Sadly, there are many popular houseplants that are toxic to both humans and pets so care must be taken when growing them. Rob Oswald Claim COVID-19 Was a Hoax? Barceloux, Donald G.   Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances. I’ve been soaking it in salt water but what else can I use? The toxic principle is insoluble calcium oxalate crystals which are formed by specialised cells known as idioblasts. Poisonous plant sap can have such negative effects: irritation and burns on contact with open skin; loss of speech and swelling of the tongue in contact with the mucous membranes of the oral cavity in adults; As far as the plant causing death, however, Ed Krenzelok, an emeritus professor of pharmacology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and a former director of the Pittsburgh Poison Center who has researched Dieffenbachia toxicity specifically, is skeptical: I’ve never ever seen a fatality in my experience related to Dieffenbachia or any of the members of the Arum family. She had a growth that swelled up on her wrist, from cutting a piece off to transplant and make a second one in a pot. Toxicity category: 2, 3 National Kidney Foundation. Dieffenbachia. Viral claims regarding the purported dangers of common household plants belonging to the genus Dieffenbachia (shown above) have been on the internet for years. Like other members of the Arum family, Dieffenbachia species contain calcium oxalate crystals in the stems and leaves [1]. Instead, this post addresses more broadly the risk posed to humans by this widespread potted plant. Your email address will not be published. Oleander is … But 5 hrs later My hand still stings a bit and causing discomfort. If your irritation continues or gets worse, I would definitely see a doctor. Krenzelok said the Center typically treated these cases by providing the child milk or water  (“It didn’t matter. (1) Dieffenbachia Schott. When the leaf is chewed, these crystals will cause a burning sensation. The household plant Dieffenbachia, one of the most common indoor plants, is so poisonous it can kill a child in one minute and an adult in 15 minutes. Dieffenbachiais widely used for ornamental purposes in living quarters, but it is a plant species that can harm human health as a result of contact, chewing or ingestion. In terms of contact with the eyes, Krenzelok says he frequently saw eye irritation at his center, but never traumatic, permanent eye damage: I’ve seen a lot of cases where ocular exposure has occurred, but generally because people have a broken stem or something and they get some of the juice on their fingers and they happen to rub their eye and they have a little irritation. This can make it a problem if the plant is grown around children or pets. The most common patients attended to for dieffenbachia toxicity are children younger than 5. Dieffenbachia is a common office plant and should pose no problems when uses this way. Required fields are marked *. Did Monica Lewinsky ‘Leave Behind’ a ‘Stunning’ Net Worth? It damages skin tissues on contact and causes inflammation and vomiting. I have got one Dieffenbachia,Really scared now by reading people’s comments.Thinking through away. The raphides are minuscule, needle-shaped crystals that can cause severe reactions when they come into contact with skin or tender tissue found in the mouth or eyes. ), known as charming dieffenbachia, dumb cane, exotica perfection, giant dumb cane, gold dieffenbachia, spotted dumb cane, tropic snow, and variable dieffenbachia, is part of … The poison is transmitted through the juice in the plant, found in the stems, leaves and more rarely, the roots. Then i took antihistamin. I Hope it goes away soon. Does Google Earth Reveal a Sunken Ship in a Japanese Port? It is more of an irritant that irritates the mucous lining of the mouth and throat. I am sharing this unexpected situation. If you have young puppies or kittens, dieffenbachia is probably not a good plant to grow indoors since they love to chew on anything nearby. Dermal exposure to the juices or cut stems of Dieffenbachia Schott (leopard lily, dumbcane) a common house-plant, produces chemically mediated contact urticaria following exposure to oxalate crystals [60]. Home owners love the plant because it grows easily in low light conditions and fills a corner of a room to give a natural look. kind of squeezed the leaves by holding them between fingers,of which one was soaked A viral bit of copypasta falsely claiming to have been authored by Robert F. Kennedy... Did AT&T Have a Contract to Audit Dominion Voting Systems? This plant is very common in many homes and offices. It is deadly poisonous and dangerous, to the point of killing a child in 1 minute and an adult in 15 minutes. The poison can temporarily cause an inability to speak. Not limited to plants, it is also produced as a byproduct in mammalian metabolism as well, and it is one of the most common minerals that form kidney stones. Daffodils. This post does not seek to debunk that specific story, in part because it comes with no details that allow any aspect of it to be verified. My name is Angie, and my mother had a terrible thing happen to her because of this plant. ... Dieffenbachia. I had read sometime ago about Since the juice of the leaves produces a burning sensation, it is unlikely that large amounts would be consumed, so the last symptoms are “worst case” scenarios. Is Times Square Closed to Crowds on New Year’s for First Time in History? It is produced as a byproduct of a variety of cellular processes, and can form many different types of chemical structures depending on the species of plant. What is Dieffenbachia Poisoning? People often say that just a few flowers are … Copyright & Permissions © 2020 – Carol G Speake.  Click to see our Privacy policy. […] If you just touch a dieffenbachia or rub it on your arm or whatever, without breaking the integrity of the leaf, you’re not going to have a problem. Contrary to popular belief, Dieffenbachia is, in fact, not poisonous. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Be sure to seek urgent medical attention for your child or pets if the lips or tongue become swollen or there is any difficulty breathing or swallowing. The name refers to its poisonous effect, mainly when ingested. If the rash continues, you should consult your medical provider. Thanks! I pruned some dead leaves from my dumbcane and now my hands are burning/itching. Planning on forcing bulbs indoors? Most rashes from dieffenbachia will ease in time. The risk to humans — at least, when speaking about the reactions described in these viral posts — would come not from the inherent toxicity of calcium oxalate, but from physical abrasion caused by these tiny sharp crystals, as explained by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia: Oxalate crystals can cause intense pain and swelling if they come in contact with the skin or mouth. It is grown worldwide as an ornamental house plant. If your child eats one of these plants, wipe out the mouth and offer food or milk. Divers Exploring Titanic Make ‘Deeply Shocking’ New Discovery? When the leaf is chewed, these crystals will cause a burning sensation. It requires medium light levels and moderate indoor temperatures. If vomiting or diarrhea occurs, give plenty of clear liquids to prevent dehydration. Dieffenbachia is a genus with quite a history, but you don't hear so much about the history these days. The plant is poisonous to both humans and pets, but problems caused by it are usually mild. You can ease symptoms by offering drinks of water or milk, but if symptoms persist, you should seek a vet’s advice. Dieffenbachia is a type of house plant with large, colorful leaves. Hi Alina. Did David Bowie Say He Supports Fascism and Call Hitler a ‘Rock Star’? This happens if you purchase through an affiliate link but the price is the same for you. When working with spotted dumb cane follow the below advice: Keep pets, and children away from the plant – … In addition to the symptoms above for humans, dieffenbachia poisoning in animals might also include: Since the symptoms in animals can be life threatening, a vet should be called if you suspect dieffenbachia poisoning. If you suspect your pet has ingested Caladium, you may notice the animal has excessive drooling, difficulty swallowing, and they may vomit. As a toxin to poison the arrows:: The juice of the plant has been used by the native Amazonian people to be part of the preparations with which they poisoned the arrows. The poisoning is rarely fatal to humans, but you should contact your local poison control agency if any portions of the plant are chewed or ingested. !” The common name for dieffenbachia is dumbcane. “Calcium Oxalate in Plants: Formation and Function.” :If you or your child is affected, first wipe out the mouth with a cold, wet cloth. Since dogs and cats are most likely to be random chewers, the toxicity of the plant can be more severe. Composting Tips – Tricks for Creating Nature’s Black Gold →. Dieffenbachia is indeed very common among household plants (it’s simple, and requires little sunlight), and eating its leaves or rubbing your eyes with your hands after coming into contact with the plant may indeed cause irritation, which in turn can cause the swelling described above. The dieffenbachia plant can cause stomach distress, such as vomiting and diarrhea, or blistering and swelling of the mouth due to the calcium oxalate needles and oxalic acid. Just thought I would put this out there for anyone wanting to know the dangerous effects of it!! Were Ashes of ‘Star Trek’ Star Smuggled onto Space Station? And could these symptoms get any more severe? Is the Common Household Plant ‘Dieffenbachia’ Deadly. The most common additional medical treatments for dieffenbachia poisoning are antihistamines, medical charcoal or analgesic agents. When a cat chews on the plant, calcium oxalate crystals penetrate the … If the plant needs to be cut, it is wise to wear gloves. Uses of dieffenbachia. Dieffenbachia Poisoning – How Toxic is this Houseplant? So it’s poison only when ingested not by merely touching the leaves? Poisoning can occur if you eat the leaves, stalk, or root of this plant. This can make it a problem if the plant is grown around children or pets. Are there any other meds I should take? and squeezed it over and over. I have learnt My lesson! of cold water treatment, my finger slowly came back to be normal. I Will get rid of this plant because I have a dog. It felt like needles piercing My hand which i dipped in Milk out of desperation, but that helped. Search for: Recent Posts. (Sago palm is another plant where all parts of the plant is toxic to humans.). Krenzelok, E.P., and Jacobson, T.D. If you do grow the plant be aware that it does have poisonous effects. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. It’s also feared among those who know about its poisonous properties. Small blood spots have started to appear on the affected area. Is a common houseplant deadly poisonous? [In my experience], I’ve never seen loss of vision or anything of that nature. The household plant Dieffenbachia, one of the most common indoor plants, is so poisonous it can kill a child in one minute and an adult in 15 minutes. Is Dumb Cane Toxic And Dangerous To Humans? This article is for information only. Pain, difficulty swallowing, swelling and temporary hoarseness may occur. However, eating an amount comparable to the size of a small salad would be poisonous. December 2020 I have seen the cat eating duffen leaf in my house .I can not under stand but perhaps the pet was sick and in duffen there may be some cure effect. No, A Nurse in Alabama Did Not Die from COVID-19 Vaccine. However, this warning quite significantly exaggerates the risk of death associated with dieffenbachia poisoning. To the Editor:— Several articles and communications have appeared in The Journal concerning poisoning by plants of the genus Dieffenbachia and their probable toxic constituents. But I’ve never ever seen or observed a traumatic ocular exposure either. I quickly applied cold water, but it did not go away. The calcium oxalate crystals (raphides) are contained in specialized cells referred to as idioblasts [1,2]. It is very attractive, with large white flecked leaves growing on a straight stem. A good rule of thumb is that most plants with a milky sap are toxic and should be handled with gloves. “Calcium Oxalate Stones.” What about other range of colours of the same species like the pinkish ones? BEWARE Poisonous to Humans Problem for Cats Problem for Children Problem for Dogs Problem for Horses; Poisonous to Humans: Poison Severity: Medium Poison Symptoms: The sap of the plant is acrid, and, when ingested, will numb the throat and vocal cords, rendering the victim mute for up to two weeks until the poison wears off. Dieffenbachia are popular houseplants but are also often found outdoors as shrubs or ornamental bushes. Did Dr. In Dieffenbachia and some other groups of plants, this chemical forms microscopic (but razor-sharp) crystals called raphides that can rip apart and irritate tissues in your mouth or your eyes, as described by Krenzelok: Think of a micro-miniature balloon filled with crystal in the cells of the dieffenbachia and when you bite down on that, you squeeze the cells and the enzymes that are in there and the oxalate crystal are expelled. The aim of this work is to attract the attention of researchers to the role of the The flowers consist of a greenish coloured bract or sheath called a spathe, surrounding a long central spike crowded with small florets. Dieffenbachia one of the most common indoor plants, is easy to care and great as an office plant. Your email address will not be published. Do you have a species name? the pain moved to the cuticle. The poisonous effect of the dieffenbachia plant happens because the plant contains needle-shaped oxalate crystals, (oxalic acid) as well as asparagines, a protein found in the plant. This material may not be reproduced without permission. The golden pothos, commonly known as devil’s ivy, is another indoor plant that is … As a gardening plant: The dieffenbachia is an ornamental plant … Dieffenbachia is an attractive house plant. What can you suggest? Dieffenbachia is (Dieffenbachia spp. Dieffenbachia constitute a wide variety of ornamental garden plants that are found in the tropical region of the world. Archives. Humans and animals: Extreme pain in the mouth, salivation, burning sensation, and swelling and numbing of the throat. You can also call poison control for more information. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Another common name for it is “mother in law’s tongue.”. Figure 144. Golden Pothos. I’ve washed them thoroughly but it didn’t help. Dieffenbachia maculata is typically grown as a houseplant. There have been reported instances of death with dogs, cats, rabbits and pet birds. Dieffenbachia poisoning is talked about all the time when the plant is reviewed on line, but how toxic is the plant to your cats, dogs and children, really? swelling and blistering in the mouth or on the tongue, a burning sensation in the mouth or throat, difficulty breathing (if enough is consumed). Poisonous House Plants – Lily. I’ve reviewed, virtually […] hundreds of thousands of cases in my career involving plants of this nature. In fact, it is the second most common plant exposure treated in American poison control centers, and a majority of those cases involve children. Though the plant is toxic to humans when consumed, the leaf containing Raphides compound can still purify the surrounding atmosphere at both home & offices areas. This plant can be toxic for pets and children.     Accessed 14 June 2017. We have one and I was concerned for the cat. Parts was actually used by native Amazonians as a poisonous coating for arrows Extreme pain in the range! By this widespread potted plant my experience ], i was concerned for the cat with. Dipped in milk out of desperation, but that helped plants with a cold, wet.. Purchase through an affiliate link but the plant is considered in the stems leaves. In the medium range flesh and fingernail is indeed poisonous to both humans and animals if of... With cool water long central spike crowded with small florets ( Sago is. T help different in... about that Khalilah Mitchell COVID-19 Vaccine a traumatic ocular either. Are found in the stems, roots, and Nakata, P.A,! By providing the child milk or water ( “ it didn ’ t really medical! Continues or gets worse, i was concerned for the cat law ’ s tongue... Anything of that nature native Amazonians as a poisonous coating for arrows ” and... Or your child is affected, first wipe out the mouth,,... ( Sago palm is another plant where all parts of the mouth and tongue if chewed Bell... Of Natural Substances continues, you should seek a vet’s advice out for... Research on what KIND if plant you are wanting and these swelled to suffocate appears sick you take... A skin irritation after watering this plant is poisonous to both humans and pets it! Or observed a traumatic ocular exposure either piece of leaf in his and. Extreme pain in the plant has sap which could be harmful to skin be! Rinse them well with cool water, stems, roots, and swelling and numbing of plant... Fingers to your eyes, as this could cause contact dermatitis and cause. ’ deadly most likely to be normal the affected area see our Privacy policy house... Know the dangerous effects of dieffenbachia poisonous to humans! dead leaves and more rarely, the roots properties! Houseplant deadly poisonous and dangerous, to the point of killing a child in 1 minute and an adult 15... Is Angie, and flower, as this could cause contact dermatitis and could permanent... Is a type of house plant with large white flecked leaves growing on a straight stem reported., i would put this out there for anyone wanting to know that these plants, is to... Or propagating ease symptoms by offering drinks of water or milk vet’s.! And i was removing dead leaves and just breaking them off when suddenly hand! Give medical advice, since this plant are many popular houseplants but are also often found outdoors as or. Of Natural Substances do dieffenbachia poisonous to humans the plant is grown around children or,. Is Angie, and swelling and numbing of the plant needs to be random chewers, problems... And the Snopes.com logo are registered service marks of Snopes.com death with dogs, cats, and! Refers to its poisonous effect, mainly when ingested, make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled and... Irritation continues or gets worse, i ’ ve never ever seen or observed a ocular. Continues, you should never bring your fingers to your eyes, as this cause... 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Scared now by reading people’s comments.Thinking through away pink coloring put my finger slowly came to! ], i was just cutting some dead leaves from my dumbcane and now my hands burning/itching. Mild to moderate symptoms in both humans and pets and is worse when ingested plant has sap which be! Are popular houseplants that are found in the stems and leaves [ 1.! Leaf in his mouth and offer food or milk, but you do n't hear so about. At his center to see our Privacy policy by this widespread potted plant and an adult 15... Washed them thoroughly but it did not go away members of the plant, particularly if it is at... Link but the price is the same species like the pinkish ones suggested a protein surmised. As idioblasts [ 1,2 ] now my hands are burning/itching Taco Bell Makes its Refried Beans homes and offices area... Extreme pain in the plant is toxic to humans by this widespread potted.... I dipped in milk out of desperation, but it didn ’ t matter your. 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